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Best 2023 Health Impacts of Air Quality

Best 2023 Health Impacts of Air Quality

Best 2023 Health Impacts of Air Quality

Air quality is impacted by climate change, and this can have adverse health effects. Weather patterns that are out of balance affect air quality by dispersing and intensifying air pollutants like dust, fine particles, wildfire smoke, and ground-level ozone.

Seasonal variations in the weather can affect the amount, distribution, and intensity of airborne allergens. According to the EPA’s Air Quality National Summary Report, approximately 100 million Americans live in areas where air pollution is higher than health-based air quality criteria

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1. These allergens and pollutants primarily affect the quality of the outside air, but they can also negatively impact the indoor air by entering homes, offices, and other buildings. Furthermore, the increased incidence of interior contaminants like mold may result from climate change.

Cardiovascular and Respiratory Effects

Human health can be adversely affected by poor air quality. In vulnerable groups, exposure to air pollution or allergens can worsen pre-existing disorders or directly damage our respiratory and cardiovascular systems. 2, 3, and 4.

Those with asthma, older people, children, and those with impaired immune systems are especially susceptible to the effects of air pollution.

The chemical and physical processes that produce, eliminate, and carry air pollution will change due to climate change (black bold text) (red text and gray arrows). Precursors for ground-level ozone (O3) and particulate matter with a diameter of less than 2.5 micrometers (PM2.5) are released by natural processes and human activity.

These precursors include ammonia (NH3), mineral dust, sea salt, pollen, spores, and food particles; direct atmospheric pollutants include sulfur dioxide (SO2), ammonia (NH3), ammonia (OC), black carbon (BC), and dimethyl sulfide (DMS); and particulate matter with a diameter of less than 2.5 micrometers (PM2.5).

How air pollution will be impacted by climate change. The chemical and physical processes that produce, eliminate, and carry air pollution will change due to climate change (black bold text) (red text and gray arrows).

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Best 2023 Health Impacts of Air Quality
Best 2023 Health Impacts of Air Quality

The precursors for ground-level ozone (O3) and particulate matter with a diameter of less than 2.5 micrometers (PM2.5) are released by both natural and human processes. Read More: Best 2023 Health Impacts of Air Quality.

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These include direct atmospheric pollutants such as mineral dust, sea salt, pollen, spores, and food particles, as well as methane (CH4), carbon monoxide (CO), nitrogen oxides (NOx), non-methane volatile organic compounds (NMVOCs), sulfur dioxide (SO2), ammonia (NH3), organic carbon (OC), black carbon (BC), and dimethyl sulfide (DMS). (Fiore et al., 2015 provided the figure.)

Airway diseases, allergies, and asthma are examples of respiratory effects. 5. Conversely, cardiovascular effects can include heart attacks, strokes, hypertension, and coronary artery disease. 6 . Air pollution is responsible for millions of premature deaths worldwide 7.

Tens of thousands of hospital visits are attributed to exposure to and inhaling ground-level ozone and particle pollution annually

8. Exposure to ozone and particulate pollution can cause impaired lung function, coughing, throat discomfort, congestion, and chest pain.

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Similarly, increasing temperatures can lead to longer growing seasons and higher pollen concentrations, which can exacerbate allergic reactions and make people more sensitive to allergens, including asthma attacks brought on by allergies.

The frequency and intensity of droughts are rising due to climate-related changes in weather patterns 9, which can lead to the entry of dust and dust-borne diseases, including bacterial and fungal spores, into homes, buildings, and educational institutions.

Possibilities to Improve Public Health

Modifications to the built environment can be helpful in strategies to defend communities against the adverse health effects of climate change and to preserve human health. For instance, metropolitan areas with minimal impact landscaping and tree cover can assist in reducing air pollution.

Alternative modes of transportation can also be effective ways to improve the quality of the air. The number of emissions of ozone, particulate matter, and other pollutants linked to respiratory .Read More: Best 2023 Health Impacts of Air Quality.

cardiovascular disorders can be decreased by reducing the number of vehicle miles driven while increasing carpooling, using public transportation, and using other alternative transportation options.

Reducing the amount of power used in regions where coal or other fossil fuels are burned to produce energy can help reduce exposure to sulfur and nitrogen oxides, as well as heavy metals like lead and mercury.

Global Environmental Health aims to improve health for all people by lowering environmental exposures that cause preventable diseases, disabilities, and deaths. It does this through research, education, training, and research translation focused on health issues related to environmental exposures that cross national boundaries.

Needs for Research

To gain a deeper understanding of the consequences of air quality and climate change, research and research translation are essential. The complex synergistic effects of temperature, weather variability, long-term climate change, and environmental exposures determine the implications on air quality.

Research on this topic requires transdisciplinary approaches, which are essential. Read More: Best 2023 Health Impacts of Air Quality.

Modeling the health effects of air pollution, dust loads, aerosolized diseases, and airborne allergens will become more accurate with air quality monitoring. Furthermore, gathering data on climate-dependent variables—like land use and wildfires—will help us better understand how they affect human health.

To fully comprehend how the climate affects factors like temperature, humidity, ventilation, mold, fungus, biological pollutants, and volatile organic compounds that are present in indoor air, more research is required.

A National Overview of Air Quality.

EPA uses data from nationwide monitors to produce trends for air quality. Based on the prevalent pollutant concentrations, the table below illustrates how the country’s air quality has improved since 1980. [Full Text: National Summary of Air Quality. EPA uses data from nationwide monitors to produce trends for air quality.

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According to the amounts of common contaminants, the table below illustrates how, nationwide, air quality has improved since 1980.]

J. D. Sacks, L. W. Stanek, T. J. Luben, D. O. Johns, B. J. Buckley, J. S. Brown, and M. Ross (2011): Sickness caused by particulate matter: Who is at risk? Perspectives on Environmental Health, 119 (4), 446–454. [Abstract] Sacks, J. D., Sacks, L. W., T. J. Luben, D. O. Johns, B. J. Buckley, J. S. Brown, and M. Ross, 2011:

Health impacts of particulate matter:

Who is vulnerable? Perspectives on Environmental Health, 119 (4), 446–454.] A study conducted in 2011 by Sacks, J. D., L. W. Stanek, T. J. Luben, D. O. Johns, B. J. Buckley, J. S. Brown, and M. Ross examined who is vulnerable to the health impacts of particulate matter. Perspectives on Environmental Health, 119 (4), 446–454.]

Byeong-Jae Lee and colleagues. Exposure to air pollution and cardiovascular disease. Vol. 30,2 (2014), pp. 71–5, Toxicological Research doi:10.5487/TR.2014.30.2.071. [Abstract] Byeong-Jae Lee and colleagues. Exposure to air pollution and cardiovascular disease. Volume 30, Issue 2, 2014, pages 71–5. doi:10.5487/TR.2014.30.2.071.

Toxicological Research

What should individuals know and do about air pollution and chronic airway diseases? Jiang, Xu-Qin, et al. Thoracic Disease Journal, Volume 8, Issue 1, 2016, pp. E31–40. Doi: 10.3978/j.issn.2072-1439.2015.11.50.

What individuals should know and do about air pollution and chronic airway disorders is the abstract provided by Jiang, Xu-Qin et al. vol. 8, no. 1 (2016): E31–40; Doi: 10.3978/j.issn.2072-1439.2015.11.50; Journal of Thoracic Disease

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What should individuals know and do about air pollution and chronic airway diseases? Jiang, Xu-Qin, et al. Thoracic Disease Journal, Volume 8, Issue 1, 2016, pp. E31–40. Doi: 10.3978/j.issn.2072-1439.2015.11.50

“Air pollution and chronic airway diseases: what should people know and Do?” was published in the Journal of Thoracic Disease in 2016. It can be accessed online at Doi: 10.3978/j.issn.2072-1439.2015.11.50.

Byeong-Jae Lee and colleagues. Exposure to air pollution and cardiovascular disease. Vol. 30,2 (2014), pp. 71–5, Toxicological Research doi:10.5487/TR.2014.30.2.071. [Abstract] Byeong-Jae Lee and colleagues. Exposure to air pollution and cardiovascular disease. Volume 30, Issue 2, 2014, pages 71–5. doi:10.5487/TR.2014.30.2.071.

Toxicological Research

Air pollution is the term used to describe any chemical, physical, or biological factor that tampers with the natural properties of the atmosphere to contaminate the indoor or outdoor environment. Common causes of air pollution include motor vehicles, industrial operations, household combustion appliances, and forest fires.

Particulate matter, ozone, nitrogen dioxide, sulfur dioxide, and carbon monoxide are among the pollutants that pose a severe threat to public health. Air pollution, both indoor and outdoor, is a significant cause of morbidity and mortality and causes respiratory and other disorders.

[Main Text] Air pollution is the term used to describe any chemical, physical, or biological factor that tampers with the natural properties of the atmosphere to contaminate the indoor or outdoor environment.

Read More: Best 2023 Health Impacts of Air Quality.

Common causes of air pollution include motor vehicles, industrial operations, household combustion appliances, and forest fires. Particulate matter, ozone, nitrogen dioxide, sulfur dioxide, and carbon monoxide are among the pollutants that pose a severe threat to public health.

Air pollution, both indoors and outdoors, is a significant cause of morbidity and mortality and causes respiratory and other disorders.

Worldwide Ozone Pollution: A Serious Health Risk, Zhang, Junfeng Jim, et al. 31 October 2019, Frontiers in Immunology vol. 10 2518, doi:10.3389/fimmu.2019.02518. [Abstract Ozone Pollution: A Serious Global Health Risk, Zhang, Junfeng Jim et al. 31 October 2019, Frontiers in Immunology, vol. 10, 2518, doi:10.3389/fimmu.2019.02518.]

IPCC, 2021: The Physical Science Basis of Climate Change. Working Group I’s Contribution to the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change’s Sixth Assessment Report .

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The authors of this work are Masson-Delmotte, V., P. Zhai, A. Pirani, S.L. Connors, C. Pena, S. Berger, N. Claud, Y. Chen, L. Goldfarb, M.I. Gomis, M. Huang, K. Leitzell, E. Lonny, J.B.R. Matthews, T.K. Maycock, T. Waterfield, O. Yileks, R. Yu, and B. Zhou (eds.)]. Press of Cambridge University. Under Press.

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