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Health Impacts of Extreme Weather

7 Health best Impacts of Extreme Weather 2023

7 Health best Impacts of Extreme Weather 2023

Extreme weather occurrences, such as hurricanes or typhoons, floods, heat waves, wildfires, droughts, and snowstorms, have an impact on people all over the world. Although there have always been extreme events on Earth, climate change may make them more often and more intense. 1.

Severe weather conditions pose a risk to people’s health and welfare. They may also interfere with the social and physical systems that communities and individuals depend on to be safe and healthy before, during, and following a weather-related disaster.

Growing in Strictness

The severity and effects of extreme weather events are expected to worsen due to climate change. 2.

Increased evaporation and stronger heat waves are two effects of a warming environment. This makes droughts worse, which makes the perfect environment for wildfires. Increased moisture in the air due to warmth causes flooding, snowstorms, and severe rainfall.

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Hurricanes can get more potent and more destructive due to warming saltwater. Hurricane-related rainfall and flooding increase when warm, humid air is over the oceans. Storm surges and flooding can be disastrous due to sea level rise, which is brought on by the warming sea and the ice and glaciers melting and releasing water into the oceans.

Severe Weather Conditions May Impact People’s Health

Extreme weather events can have immediate adverse effects on people’s health, such as exposure to the elements, mental health issues, injuries sustained while trying to flee, and even fatalities from the weather event itself, such as drowning in a flood.

The National Climate Assessment by the U.S. Global Change Research Program states that extreme weather events can also raise exposure to additional environmental factors that are harmful to health:

Read More :7 Health best Impacts of Extreme Weather 2023

Projectiles and debris produced by hurricanes and coastal storms have the potential to injure people. They may also make it more likely that dangerous substances, as well as vector- and water-borne infections, will increase across the environment and in communities due to storm surges, flooding, and facility damage.

Sea level rise and floods can contaminate water with dangerous germs and viruses that lead to illnesses from contaminated food and drink.

Mold growth and deteriorated indoor air quality are more likely to occur when floodwaters leave indoor areas. Mold spore exposure can irritate the eyes, nose, and throat, in addition to causing headaches.

Read More :7 Health best Impacts of Extreme Weather 2023, Mold exposure can exacerbate lung conditions like asthma and raise the risk of lung infection in people with compromised immune systems. 3. Because wildfire smoke can spread long distances, it may expose nearby and distant residents to various respiratory irritants.

Read More :7 Health best Impacts of Extreme Weather 2023
Read More :7 Health best Impacts of Extreme Weather 2023

Smoke from wildfires that burn vegetation, such as trees, can harm the heart and lungs. When flames spread into residential areas, they destroy houses and other structures and discharge harmful substances into the surrounding air.
Heat-related deaths, heat cramps, heat exhaustion, and heat stroke can all result from excessive heat. Individuals who suffer from chronic heart, lung, or other ailments are more vulnerable to complications or death from heat-related causes.

Specific populations may be more susceptible than others to the adverse health effects of extreme weather events, even if everyone is susceptible. People with outdoor jobs, pregnant women, older adults, people with disabilities, and people with preexisting health conditions may be disproportionately affected 4–5. People living in poverty, communities surrounding industrial areas or contaminated waste sites, and rural regions with underdeveloped health systems may also be more affected by extreme weather events.

Read More :7 Health best Impacts of Extreme Weather 2023

When essential infrastructure is affected by harsh weather, such as roads, electricity, wastewater and drinking supplies, and medical facilities, the health implications are exacerbated. Since numerous systems are interdependent, any disturbance or malfunction in one system may lead to the collapse of other systems. For instance, a storm that destroys a town’s electrical infrastructure may also impact its water supply.

Possibilities to Improve Public Health

Preparation, adaption, and mitigation measures can lessen adverse health effects and infrastructure disruption during and after an extreme weather event, according to research funded by NIEHS and others.

Developing evacuation plans to safeguard vulnerable people, planning expansion and development away from high-risk locations like flood zones and putting early warning systems into place are a few examples of preparations.

Read More :7 Health best Impacts of Extreme Weather 2023

Building coastal walls to prevent flooding and storm surges, managing forests to contain or delay wildfires, collecting rainwater to preserve water supplies during dry spells, and weatherproofing energy systems to resist solid winds or freezing temperatures are a few examples of adaptation.

Read More :7 Health best Impacts of Extreme Weather 2023

Reducing the effects of climate change by lowering greenhouse gas emissions is one kind of mitigation. These tactics may include installing energy-efficient retrofits in homes and buildings and utilizing eco-friendly modes of transportation like electric cars or bicycles.

Global Environmental Health aims to improve health for all people by lowering environmental exposures that cause preventable diseases, disabilities, and deaths. Read More :7 Health best Impacts of Extreme Weather 2023 .

It does this through research, education, training, and research translation focused on health issues related to environmental exposures that cross national boundaries.

Research Possibilities

There is an increase in the frequency and intensity of extreme weather events. It is becoming more and more important to do research that combines real-time weather monitoring with health to evaluate exposure data and better understand the health effects of extreme weather occurrences.

Read More :7 Health best Impacts of Extreme Weather 2023The ability to predict the health effects of extreme weather events might be enhanced by this research.

To assess and enhance the use of health alert warning systems and other health risk communication methods, research is also required.

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